Oregon Minimum Wage: Minimum Wage in Oregon in 2024

January 23, 2024
Oregon Minimum Wage

Oregon minimum wage rates are set to change in July, marking a significant shift for employers and workers across the state. As an employer, understanding the nuances of these changes is crucial for compliance and strategic planning. 

This blog post will delve into what the minimum wage in Oregon will be in 2024, offering insights into how these adjustments might impact your business operations. We'll discuss practical strategies to navigate the new wage situation, ensuring you're well-prepared to maintain a thriving, compliant business amidst these changes.

What is the Minimum Wage in Oregon?

In Oregon, minimum wage rates vary based on the geographical location of your business. As of July 1, 2023, through June 30, 2024, the wages are categorized into three distinct regions:

  • Portland Metro: $15.45 per hour

  • Standard: $14.20 per hour

  • Non-Urban: $13.20 per hour

These rates are typically adjusted in response to inflation and are implemented on July 1st of each year. 

Understanding Oregon's Local Minimum Wages

For accurate application in your business operations, it's essential to understand the counties and regions these rates pertain to:

Portland Metro

This highest rate applies within the urban growth boundary, incorporating parts of Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington Counties. Businesses in these areas are expected to comply with the state's top minimum wage rate.


This rate extends to many counties, including Benton, Clatsop, Columbia, and Deschutes, and parts of Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington outside the urban growth boundary. It represents a median wage rate for businesses operating in these counties.


Catering to businesses in less populated counties such as Baker, Coos, Crook, and many others, this rate is set at a lower spectrum, mirroring the economic framework of these regions.

Aligning your payroll with these region-specific wage rates is not merely about legal compliance but endorsing fair labor practices and contributing to the economic well-being of the diverse communities where your business thrives. Stay informed, remain compliant, and ensure that your business is a model for fair and equitable labor practices in Oregon.

Historical Minimum Wage Rates in Oregon

Looking back at the progression of minimum wage rates provides valuable insights for employers to forecast trends and prepare for future changes. Here's a rundown of Oregon's minimum wage rates from 2014 to 2023, with the 2024 rate yet to be determined:

2014: $9.10

2015: $9.25

2016: $9.75

2017: $10.75

2018: $10.75

2019: $11.25

2020: $12.00

2021: $12.75

2022: $13.50

2023: $14.20

2024: TBD

Note: The mentioned rates represent the standard state wage, with the current rate standing at $14.20 per hour.

Source: Labor Law Center

Minimum Wage for Tipped Employees in Oregon

Unlike in some states where tip credits are a common practice, in Oregon, they are prohibited. This means that tips your employees receive are entirely theirs and should not be considered part of their standard hourly compensation. What does this imply for you as an employer?

Firstly, regardless of the tips an employee earns, you are obligated to pay the full minimum wage in Oregon for every hour they work. This holds true irrespective of whether your employees are compensated by the hour, by commission, by the piece rate, or on a daily basis. The law ensures that their total earnings meet or exceed the minimum wage threshold specific to your region within the state.

Furthermore, while you can mandate that your employees participate in a tip-pooling arrangement, it's essential to note that these pooled tips cannot be accessed by management or the business itself. This policy aims to safeguard the earnings of your staff and ensure that their hard work is justly rewarded.

Oregon Overtime Minimum Wage

In Oregon, overtime regulations are designed to ensure fair compensation for employees who work more than the standard work hours. Here's an overview of the overtime pay regulations in Oregon, including how it's calculated:

Overtime Pay Rate: Most employees must be paid 1.5 times their regular pay rate for all hours worked over 40 in a workweek. This is known as the "time and a half" pay rate. For example, if the Oregon minimum wage is $14.20 per hour, the overtime minimum would be $21.30 per hour (1.5 times $14.20).

Workweek Definition: A workweek is defined as any seven consecutive workdays. It can start any day of the week and at any hour, as determined by the employer, and should be repeated regularly.

Daily Overtime: Unlike some states, Oregon does not specify a daily overtime limit. The focus is on the total hours worked in a single workweek.

Calculation of Overtime Pay

The calculation of overtime pay depends on whether the employee is paid hourly or on a salary basis:

  1. Hourly Employees: The overtime rate is 1.5 times the regular hourly rate. If an employee's hourly rate is $20, the overtime rate would be $30 per hour ($20 x 1.5).

  2. Salaried Employees: The regular rate is calculated by dividing the monthly salary by 4.33 (average number of weeks per month), then by the number of regular work hours per week (typically 40). Overtime pay is 1.5 times this regular rate for hours over 40 in a workweek.

  3. Fluctuating Workweek Method: The overtime rate is calculated differently for employees with a fixed salary for fluctuating hours. The weekly salary is divided by the total hours worked to get the regular hourly rate. This rate is halved, and the resulting figure is multiplied by the number of overtime hours worked.


1. Hourly Employee: 

An employee earning $18 per hour works 45 hours in a week. The overtime pay would be calculated as follows:

        Regular pay for 40 hours: $18 x 40 = $720

        Overtime pay for 5 hours: $18 x 1.5 x 5 = $135

        Total pay: $720 + $135 = $855

2. Salaried Employee (Fluctuating Workweek): 

An employee with a fixed weekly salary of $1,000 works 50 hours in a week. The overtime pay would be calculated as follows:

        Regular hourly rate: $1,000 / 50 = $20

        Half the regular rate: $20 x 0.5 = $10

        Overtime pay for 10 hours: $10 x 10 = $100

        Total pay: $1,000 (fixed salary) + $100 (overtime) = $1,100

Who is Eligible for Overtime Pay in Oregon?

In Oregon, eligibility for overtime pay is largely governed by both state and federal laws, primarily the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Here's a detailed breakdown:

Non-Exempt Employees

Generally, hourly employees who earn less than $455 per week ($23,660 annually) and work in a non-exempt industry are eligible for overtime pay in Oregon. Most hourly employees are entitled to a special overtime pay rate for any hours worked over 40 in a single work week, defined as any seven consecutive work days. 

However, Oregon does not specify a daily overtime limit, unlike some states that have such limits. Overtime pay, also known as "time and a half pay," is one and a half times an employee's normal hourly wage. 

For example, if Oregon's minimum wage is $14.20 per hour, the overtime minimum would be $21.30 per hour (1.5 times the regular rate). The FLSA covers certain jobs and exempts others from overtime pay, including first responders like police, paramedics, firefighters, practical nurses, and paralegals, who are specifically protected by overtime law​.

Exempt Employees

Not all employees are entitled to overtime pay. Under the FLSA, an employee is not entitled to overtime pay if they perform executive, administrative, or professional duties and earn at least $35,568 per year or $684 per week. These employees are considered exempt. 

However, paying employees a salary does not automatically exempt them from overtime. For salaried employees to be exempt, they must not only pass the salary basis test (earning at least $684 per week) but also perform specific "exempt duties" and exercise discretion and independent judgment in their roles. If the duties and salary criteria are not met, these employees may be eligible for overtime pay​.

Special Overtime Rules for Specific Industries

Oregon also has industry-specific overtime laws for certain sectors:

  • Canneries, Seafood Processors, Manufacturing, and Certain Agricultural Employers: Employees in these industries are subject to special overtime rules, and the overtime pay regulations may vary depending on the sector.

  • Nurses: Nurses are free to work more than 40 hours a week, but hospitals cannot mandate them to work over 40 hours a week or 12 hours a day.

  • Exemptions for Specific Circumstances: Oregon employers may be exempt from the standard maximum hours worked requirement in certain situations, especially if their typical business involves manufacturing perishable products. Employers may allow employees to work up to 84 hours in a workweek for up to four weeks under "undue hardship" conditions, with certain limitations.

Oregon State Minimum Wage vs Federal Minimum Wage

It's essential to differentiate between federal and state mandates to ensure your business adheres to the appropriate guidelines.

Federal Minimum Wage

The federal minimum wage has been set at $7.25 per hour since July 24, 2009. This rate is the baseline for all covered employees in the United States. However, if a state or local minimum wage is higher, the higher wage prevails. Currently, there's no legislation in place to elevate the federal minimum wage.

Oregon State Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Oregon varies based on geographic location. As of July 1, 2023, the rates are as follows:

  1. Portland Metro: Employees earn a minimum of $15.45 per hour.

  2. Standard Rate: The general minimum is $14.20 per hour.

  3. Non-Urban Areas: A minimum of $13.20 per hour is mandated.

These rates apply to all covered employees within their respective regions in Oregon. Furthermore, the state's minimum wage is indexed to inflation. This means it's designed to rise annually on July 1st, in accordance with the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W).

Oregon Minimum Wage & Labor Law Posters

In Oregon, employers are mandated to display specific workplace notices and posters at all work locations. These notices, updated every year on the 1st of July, serve as constant reminders and guides for employers and employees, covering a range of legal and practical workplace topics.

Every work location must have these posters in visible areas where employees can easily access them. Besides the standard notices, you may need to display additional, specific policies pertinent to your workplace.

Below is a list of the key posters that you, as an Oregon employer, are typically required to display:

  • Workplace Discrimination Notice - This poster, known as "Know Your Rights: Workplace Discrimination is Illegal," outlines the legalities surrounding workplace discrimination.

  • Federal Family and Medical Leave Act - This informs employees of their rights under the federal leave policy.

  • Federal Minimum Wage Poster - Highlights the current federal wage standards.

  • Federal Polygraph Protection Notice - Details the legalities around lie detector tests in employment.

  • Federal USERRA Poster - Informs about the rights of military personnel in the workforce.

  • Oregon Breaks / Overtime Poster - Specifies the regulations for breaks and overtime pay in Oregon.

  • Oregon Equal Pay Poster - Outlines the state's stance and regulations on equal pay.

  • Oregon Family Leave Act Poster - Details the state-specific family leave rights.

  • Oregon Minimum Wage Poster - Displays the current minimum wage in Oregon, an essential piece for your compliance.

  • Oregon OSHA Poster - Highlights the health and safety standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

  • Oregon Protections for Victims of Domestic Violence, Harassment, Sexual Assault & Stalking - Offers information on the protections available for victims of such offenses.

  • Oregon Sick Time Poster - Informs about the rights and regulations surrounding sick time off.

  • Paid Leave Oregon Poster - Details the state-mandated paid leave policies.

How Will the Minimum Wage Increase Impact My Business?

The upcoming adjustment to the minimum wage in Oregon is set to bring about significant changes in the operational dynamics of your business. Here's how the alteration in the minimum wage in Oregon might affect different facets of your business:

1. Labor Costs:

The rise in the minimum wage in Oregon will directly influence your labor expenses. As you adjust wages to meet the new minimum, your overall payroll costs will naturally increase. This calls for a meticulous review of your financial strategy. You might need to recalibrate your pricing model or find new efficiencies within your operations to ensure that these increased labor costs don't erode your profit margins.

2. Employee Morale and Retention:

The increase in the minimum wage could positively affect employee morale. Higher wages often translate to a workforce that feels more appreciated and financially stable. This can lead to heightened productivity and lower staff turnover, potentially offsetting some of the increased labor costs by reducing the frequency and associated expenses of recruiting and training new employees.

3. Hiring Practices:

With the increment in the minimum wage Oregon, the competition for competent staff is likely to heat up. To remain competitive in attracting and retaining the best talent, you may need to refine your hiring strategies. This could involve enhancing your benefits package, focusing on creating a more engaging and supportive workplace culture, or exploring other creative avenues to make your business an attractive place to work.

4. Profit Margins:

Naturally, an increase in labor costs has the potential to compress your profit margins. This critical juncture might require you to scrutinize every aspect of your business to identify potential cost savings or efficiency improvements. Whether it's through innovating your service offerings, optimizing your operational processes, or finding new markets for your products, maintaining profitability will require a proactive and strategic approach.

The adjustments to the minimum wage in Oregon for 2024 signify more than just a change in payroll figures; they represent an opportunity for your business to evolve and strengthen. Proactively responding to these changes by fine-tuning your financial strategies, enhancing your workforce management, and innovating your business practices can set your establishment on a path to success amidst the dynamic economic conditions of Oregon.

How Can I Prepare My Business for the Minimum Wage Increase?

Preparing your restaurant business for a minimum wage increase involves strategic planning and operational adjustments. Here are several steps you can take to mitigate the impact and turn the challenge into an opportunity for growth:

1. Financial Analysis and Forecasting

Understanding your current financial health is crucial. Start by examining your existing labor costs in relation to total revenue. Then, anticipate how the minimum wage Oregon adjustments will impact your labor expenses and overall financial health. Projecting future financials will allow you to make informed decisions and adjust your strategies accordingly.

2. Price Adjustments

Reassessing your menu prices may be necessary to cope with the increased labor costs. However, it's important to strike a balance to avoid alienating your customer base. If you decide to adjust prices, communicate the reasons behind these changes clearly to your customers. Transparency helps in maintaining trust and understanding.

3. Operational Efficiency

Boosting productivity is key to offsetting increased labor costs. Focus on optimizing your operations, ensuring every team member's time is utilized effectively. Training programs can significantly enhance staff skill sets. Additionally, integrating technology, like POS systems or self-ordering kiosks, can streamline operations and reduce the need for labor-intensive tasks.

4. Staff Management

Efficient scheduling ensures you're optimally staffed during busy periods without overstaffing during quieter times. Prioritizing employee retention can save costs associated with hiring and training new staff. Explore offering non-monetary benefits or incentives to motivate your team and reduce turnover.

5. Menu Optimization

Evaluate the profitability of your menu items. Focus on dishes with higher profit margins and consider removing those that don't perform as well. Implementing portion control can also help reduce waste and maintain consistent food cost percentages.

6. Revenue Diversification

Look for ways to diversify your income. Expanding into catering, offering delivery services, or hosting special events can open new revenue streams. Implementing a loyalty program can encourage repeat business and help attract new customers.

7. Community Engagement and Marketing

Maintain a strong connection with your customers through effective social media and email marketing. Communicate any changes, promotions, or special events. Focus on highlighting the value and quality your restaurant offers rather than just the changes in pricing.

8. Advocacy and Networking

Get involved in industry groups and associations. This can keep you informed about the latest developments in wage laws and provides a platform for collective advocacy. Networking with peers in the industry can also be invaluable. Sharing experiences and strategies can offer fresh perspectives and insights.

9. Monitor Legal Compliance

It's essential to stay updated on wage laws and ensure that your business remains compliant. Regular checks can help you avoid penalties and stay on the right side of the law.

10. Contingency Planning

Prepare for various scenarios that might arise due to the minimum wage increase. Having a flexible plan allows you to adapt your strategy based on the actual impact on your business, ensuring you remain resilient and proactive.

By adopting these strategies, you're not just preparing for the Oregon minimum wage increase. You're setting your restaurant up for continued growth and success. 

At Chowbus POS, we understand the challenges that restaurant owners face, especially in managing labor costs. Our state-of-the-art point-of-sale system can help streamline your operations, optimize staffing, and enhance the overall efficiency of your restaurant. Book a free demo or consultation with us today to see how we can support your business in this changing landscape.

Frequently Asked Questions About Minimum Wage in Oregon

Explore the following frequently asked questions to gain insights into minimum wage regulations in Oregon, including how the wage is determined, what constitutes a livable salary in the state, and whether owners can receive tips.

How is the Oregon Minimum Wage Set?

The Oregon Minimum Wage is set annually by the Bureau of Labor and Industries. Each year, by April 30th, the Bureau calculates an adjustment to the standard minimum wage rate. This adjustment is determined based on the change, if any, in the Consumer Price Index - U.S. City Average for All Urban Consumers for All Items, from March of the prior year to March of the current year, as prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Any resulting wage increase is rounded to the nearest five cents and becomes effective on July 1st.

What is a Livable Salary in Oregon?

As of Jan 18, 2024, Oregon's average annual livable salary is $69,561. This equals approximately $33.44 per hour, $1,337 per week, or $5,796 monthly.

Can Owners Take Tips in Oregon?

In Oregon, owners cannot take tips. Tips belong to the employees and cannot be counted against their hourly pay. Employers may require employees to pool tips with other workers, but management or the establishment cannot share in the tip pool.

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